What is Rosacea?Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that has recurrent inflammatory episodes and is most common in adults with very fair skin. It often begins with a tendency to blush or flush more easily than other people. Signs of rosacea include red or pink skin, small dilated or enlarged blood vessels, irritated eyes, and red zit-like bumps that sometimes contain pus. These symptoms usually occur on the central portion of the face, especially the nose and cheeks.
There are different types of Rosacea:
- Papulopustular rosacea
- Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea
- Ocular rosacea
- Phymatous rosacea
Symptoms of Rosacea
Since there are several types of rosacea, symptoms will vary. The most common signs of rosacea include red or pink facial skin, visible small blood vessels that look like tiny red lines, red bumps that resemble acne, swollen nose, irritated eyes, and swelling of facial tissue. The affected area can sometimes feel hot and tender to the touch. Episodes can last for weeks or months at a time and if left untreated, can worsen. There is no cure for rosacea but it is very manageable with treatment or medication. It is not contagious.
What Causes Rosacea?
The exact cause of rosacea is unknown but it is believed to be caused by a combination of hereditary and environmental factors. Those who have fair skin and are of English, Irish, or Scottish decent are often the most dominant demographic of rosacea patients. Those with rosacea tend to have the inability to reduce facial inflammation that has been caused by sunburn, illness, or stress. Common triggers for rosacea include drinking alcohol, eating hot or spicy foods, smoking, severe changes in weather, and anxiety. Patients often experience flare-ups around big events that can cause emotional upsets like the holidays or physical changes like menopause and andropause.
Treatment & Diagnosis of Rosacea
Mild to moderate cases are often treated with antibacterial soaps, gels, and topical creams. More severe cases may be treated with antibiotic pills or topicals, light therapy and laser procedures, and chemical peels. Certain laser procedures may be used to reduce the appearance of blood vessels along the nose and cheeks. Oral medication is often the most effective form of treatment but may cause other side effects. A combination of treatments usually is the most effective.
Control Your Rosacea Today!
Even though rosacea isn’t curable, it is very manageable with professional treatment. If you have been suffering from rosacea for years or just started noticing symptoms, call our Dallas or Plano, TX office today. Our providers will take their time to carefully exam your skin and fully assess your condition to create a treatment plan that can help bring positive results.
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If you would like to learn more about a possible condition or treatment, simply fill out the form below. Dr. Adler’s team will get back to you shortly.