Summary of Acne
Many people experience acne throughout some point of their lives. Acne can develop through teenage years, and then develop again later on in life. With many treatment options available now from over-the-counter products, facials, chemical peels, and antibiotics, and depending on the severity, Dr. Adler will determine the best treatment for you to achieve clear and beautiful skin.
Acne is a common skin condition that manifests when hair follicles are plugged with oil and dead skin cells. This process then results in darkened spots and pimples on the face, neck, chest, back, and upper arms. Acne is a skin disease that affects millions of people of all ages and ethnicities. Although it most commonly occurs during puberty, it can affect adults well into their 30s and 40s.
Symptoms of Acne
Acne can cause a variety of symptoms including red pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, pustules, and elevated bumps on the surface of the skin. These physical alterations to the skin can cause itchiness, redness, inflammation, and tenderness. The severity of these symptoms will vary per patient case. Acne can also create emotional symptoms as well such as depression and low-self esteem.
What Causes Acne?
There are several key factors that can contribute to the cause of acne. Most often the rise in stress, poor food choices or diet, and environmental factors such as pollution; dust or dirt can cause a flare-up of acne. However, the main cause is typically a change in hormone levels. During puberty, the body begins to increase its levels of androgen and estrogen. This process usually causes the oil glands under the skin to enlarge, which can leave the skin vulnerable to accumulating dirt and bacteria. The buildup of oil, debris, and bacteria results in skin blemishes like pimples or zits. Other stages of hormonal fluctuations include pregnancy and menopause.
Types of Acne
Comedone (Blackheads and Whiteheads):
Comedones are clogged pores that fill with sebum (oil and cellular debris). Comedones can be either blackheads or whiteheads depending on how deep they are in the pores and how long they’ve been exposed to air.
A papule is a tiny pimple (less than .5 centimeters wide). It usually has a dome shape. Papules do not contain pus.
This is an inflamed pimple. They resemble a whitehead with a red ring around the bump. The bump is typically filled with white or yellow pus.
This is a temporary red spot left by an acne lesion. These lesions may sometimes contribute to an “inflamed” look.
Nodules are forms of papules, but they are bigger and they form more deeply in the skin. These are large, inflamed bumps that feel firm to the touch.
Cystic acne can likely cause discomfort, like nodules, cysts are a more extreme lesion that can result from acne.
Treatment & Diagnosis of Acne
Depending on your diagnosis from Dr. Adler, you may be given a recommendation of either:
- OTC (Over the Counter) Products such as Benzoyl Peroxide
- Chemical Peels
- Retinoids or Isotretinoins
At Max Adler Dermatology, we offer a variety of treatments for mild, moderate, and severe cases of acne.
For milder cases, we usually recommend topical ointments, gels, and soaps that contain active ingredients such as resorcinol, benzoyl peroxide, sulfur, azelaic acid, and salicylic acid.
Moderate and Severe
Moderate to severe cases typically require stronger topical treatments and/or an oral antibiotic such as doxycycline, minocycline or tetracycline. In addition to topical and oral prescriptions, laser treatments and chemical peels have been known to bring significant improvement.
Treat Your Acne Today!
If you are tired of wasting time on over-the-counter products that don’t work, call our dermatology office in Plano or Dallas, TX to schedule an appointment today. Our goal is to help you obtain healthier, clearer skin that accentuates your beauty.
How can we help YOU?
If you would like to learn more about a possible condition or treatment, simply fill out the form below. Dr. Adler’s team will get back to you shortly.